Comparative study of locally premix (its carrier Malva parviflora leaves meal) with imported premixes in diets on hematological bloodand Intestinal Microflora in broilers (Ross 308)
Keywords:Broilers, Premix, Malva parviflora, ALP, AST, Bacteria, Biochemical traits
The study was carried out at the Animal Production Department, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kufa to investigate the effect of feeding locally premixes comparable with imported premixes the broiler diets. Starter diets (23.3% C.P and 3021.0 kcal ME/kg) feed were gave to the birds from week 1 to week 3 of age, and finisher diets which contained 20.0% C.Pand 3204.0 kcal ME/kg were gave from 4thweek to 5th week of age. Five hundred seventy-six one day old Ross 308 chicks were randomly divided into eight groups with three replicate (24 bird /replicate)per group, Each group was subjected to the one of the following treatments: (T1)control contained 2.5% locally premix; (T2) 2.5%Provimi premix imported; (T3) 2.5%Turkish premixes imported; (T4) 2.5% Dutch premixes;(T5)1.25%locally+1.25%provimipremixes;(6)1.25%locally+1.25%Turkis;(7) 1.25%locally+1.25%Dutchpremixes;(8)0.625% from each one. Randomized Completely Block Design (RCBD) was used. Results showed that white blood cell, Hemoglobin, lymphocyte (L), Hetrophil (H) were improved significant (P≤0.05).The serum biochemical indices showed significant reductions values ofalkaline phosphatase(ALP),Aspartate aminotransferase (AST),phosphorus (P) compared with importedpremix.Harmful bacterial account were decreased significantly in local premix control. Additionally, beneficial bacteria were increased (p≤0.05) inlocal premix compared with imported. Based on the results obtained, the feeding of local premix(itscarrierMalva parviflora leavesmeal)2.5% of diet,the local premix gave promising results through the efficiency and ability that competed with the importer very strongly is recommended.
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