Evaluate of green space (Parks) in Duhok city by use Image satellite, Google earth, GIS, (NDVI), and Field survey techniques


  • Yousif Hussen Hammo Duhok University/Agricultures engineering science
  • Salah Shaheen Mohammed University of Duhuk




green space, , parks, , GIS, Image satellite


Duhok City, the third Governorate in the Kurdistan region and one of the safe and tourist cities in Iraq, located in the Northwestern part of the Iraqi Kurdistan between the latitude 36° 51´ 38.077” N, longitude 42° 52’ 02.998” E and on elevation 565 meter above sea level with area about 76.06 km2, the approximate population of the city for the year 2021 is about 405636 persons according to the Duhok Department of Statistics. The tools and programs used in this study were Image satellite, Google Earth, GIS, GIS and remote sensory (NDVI), Field survey. The results are summarized as following. Nine parks in Duhok city (Alin, Barzani, Buhar, Azadi, Bekhal, Kani Xishmana, Tahsen Taha, Nawroz and Dilshad M. Said). The total area of these parks were 217318 m2, 71.66% of this area was green area, so that the green area percentage for each person in this city was 0.536 m2 per person when compared with some city per capita share we found that this figure was less than the least one Damascus city (0.7) m2 per person and far away from Vienna city that reach (124.6) m2 per person. The evaluation degree of this parks were between 55.2 for Nawroz to 86.6 for Azadi Park (from 100 mark), the system irrigation is sprinkle for all parks. The largest area was Barzani Park with 55879 m2 whereas the smallest area was Alin (7494) m2. The total number of plants are (7280) plants, 2254 of them include many kind of tree, the highest number was cupressus sempervirens (428) tree then Robinia pseudoacaia (338) whereas the less one was Acer negundo just have (6) trees.


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How to Cite

Hammo, Y. H., & Mohammed , S. S. (2023). Evaluate of green space (Parks) in Duhok city by use Image satellite, Google earth, GIS, (NDVI), and Field survey techniques. Kufa Journal for Agricultural Sciences, 15(1), 73–92. https://doi.org/10.36077/kjas/2023/v15i1.10305