Al-maqama Al-basriyah between Al- Hariri and Al- Hamadhani (Comparison check study)
Keywords:Al-Hariri, Al- Hamadhani, , Al-maqama Al-basriyah, basriyahcriticism, balancing
Maqamat al-Hariri and Badi’ alZaman al Hamadhani are among the most prominent examples of artistic prose in the Abbasid era that explain the story of the behavior and actions
of two fictional characters in the name of Harith bin Hammam and Issa bin Hisham as the narrators of these stories, and Abu Zaid Srouji and Abu al-Fath Iskandri as its heroes. AlMaqama Al- basriyah is one of the Maqamat that has a common title in both places, and it describes the events that take place in the city of Basra for the characters of the story.
This research aims to use the descriptive analytical method to study these two denominators in a way that balances and study the commonalities and differences between them. Two plays bearing the same title, in one of them the scene of the play is “Basra Mosque” and in the other is “AlMirbad”.The purpose of the balancing study of these two Maqamat is to show the commonalities and differences between them, and through it we have examined the extent of the influence of the two Maqamat writers, i.e. Hariri and Hamadhani, from the
other. The results of the research show that the mosque and Al-Murbad played an important role in the artistic prose of the shrines, and by balancing these two shrines, it is possible to study the different views of Hamadhani and
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Copyright (c) 2022 Hossein Mohammadian, Mostafa Mahdavi Ara
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