The role of administrative penalties in protecting the environment "a comparative legal study"
The protection of the environment from pollution has become one of the issues that have attracted the attention of different countries at the present time, due to the connection of this issue with one of the basic human rights represented by the right to live in a healthy environment that was stipulated in most constitutions and various legislations, emphasizing the need to ensure its application in light of what is witnessing Contemporary societies of scientific and technological progress in various sectors such as industry, transportation and exploitation of natural resources have been accompanied by many manifestations of pollution of environmental resources in a way that warns of dire consequences for human health and society. In view of the development of the role of the state at the present time from a guardian to an intervention in the various fields of life, the issue of environmental protection was among the tasks entrusted to it that it was necessary to achieve it, and administrative penalties are among the important means that the administration possesses to make this task a success, as it represents an aspect of the privileges of the public authority The administration is empowered in order to exercise its multiple functions, especially its function in ensuring the implementation of laws, including those related to environmental protection. Under these sanctions, which can take multiple forms, the administration can, with its unilateral will, punish and deter any person who violates the legal texts related to environmental protection by engaging in acts that expose environment at risk.
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