Effects of Alcoholic Extracted and Dry Eggplant (Solanum Melongena) on Hyperlipidemia Treatment in Rats
Keywords:Hyperlipidemia, Atorvastatin, Hypercholesterolemia, Egg yolk, Extract alcoholic eggplant and dry
This study was carried out to investigate the potential of crude ethanolic extracts of eggplant (Solanum melongena) peels, fruit, and seeds, as well as dry eggplant, in the treatment of hyperlipidemia in rats. Forty-nine adult female Sprague Dawley rats were used with a weighting between (280-340) grams. Following the establishment of hyperlipidemia by providing them with a high-fat diet consisting of 4% cholesterol with 5% egg yolk for a period of 30 days in all groups except the control negative. Afterward, the rats were divided into seven groups of 7 rats as followed: The first group control negative was given standard pellets and water only, and the second group control positive induction hyperlipidemia this applied to all groups. Other groups (third, fourth, and five) were administered with alcoholic extracts of Solanum Melongena parts including the peel group, fruit group, and seed group, at a dose of 400 mg/kg/B.W. orally once a day, and group six received dry eggplant without extract at a dose of 200 mg/kg/diet once daily. The seven groups received atorvastatin at a dose of 20 mg/ B.W. orally once daily for a period of 45 days for all groups. The results of the study on serum lipid profile in rats indicated that the peel and atorvastatin groups exhibited a significant decrease in levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and low-density lipoprotein (VLDL). Furthermore, the peel and atorvastatin groups had substantially elevated high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels. The study suggests that eggplant peel extract and atorvastatin, a common drug, can potentially treat hyperlipidemia in rats.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Hayder Hasan Khudiar, Saadia Saleh Mehdy
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