Receiver operator characteristics and diagnostic value of CA-125, progesterone, estradiol and β-hCG in the prediction of ectopic and abortive intrauterine gestations
AbstractObjective: The study was designed to investigate the predictive value of CA-125, progesterone, estradiol and β-hCG in the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy (EP) and inevitable miscarriage. Methods: Forty women with EP, 17 with intrauterine (IU) abortive gestation and 24 regular pregnant women (controls) were studied. : Serum levels of CA-125, progesterone, estradiol and ß-HCG were measured by Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay (ELISA) techniques in 40 symptomatic women with ectopic pregnancy, 17 with intrauterine (IU) abortive gestation and 24 regular pregnant women (controls) during gestational age between (4-12) weeks at Al-Kadhmiya Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq, between November 2010 and June 2011. Results: Women with EP had significantly lower CA-125, progesterone, estradiol and ß-HCG concentrations, compared to both women with IU abortive pregnancy and controls. When using CA-125 concentration of 25.5 U/ml as a threshold for the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy, sensitivity was 75.7%, specificity 100%, the positive predictive value was 100% and the negative predictive value 71.4%. When using a progesterone concentration of 5 ng/ml as a cut-point for the diagnosis of EP, sensitivity, specificity, positive and
negative predictive values were 86.8%, 100%, 100%, 80%, respectively. Conclusion: These results by using ROC curves. The measurement of CA-125 and progesterone levels is useful in discriminating ectopic and intrauterine abortive from normal gestations.
Key words: Cancer Antigen -125(CA-125), Progesterone, Beta subunit of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (ßHCG), Estradiol, Ectopic pregnancy, Normal intrauterine pregnancy
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Copyright (c) 2013 Mena M. Abdul-Hussein, Omar F. Abdul-Rasheed, Hala Abdul Qadir Al-Moayed
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