Lipid Profile In Relation to Gender and Body Mass Index in Students Of Al-Qadisiya Medical College
Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the difference in lipid profile between male and female and the effect of BMI and family history on the level of lipid profile. Methods: The study conducted on 60 subjects during three months duration. Full history specially family history of hyerlipidemia, hypertension and cardiovascular disease were taken for each subject.Â Data like age, gender, height and weight were recorded,Â also measurement like waist circumference, hip circumference, and body mass index and waist/hip ratio were calculated. Blood tests of lipid profile were measured to the samples. Statistical analysis: statistical analyses were performed using the STATISTICA 6.0 for windows software( stat soft, Tulsa, Oklahoma ). Data were expressed as mean Â± SD. Difference were considered significant at P<0.05. Results: There was a significant increase in the serum level of triglyceride and cholesterol ( P<0.05) in subject with positive family history of hypertension and coronary artery disease in both gender while; the level of HDL- C was significantly higher ( P<0.05) in subject with negative family history. The concentration of cholesterol and triglyceride (TG) was significantly higher in female than in male (P<0.05) While no significant differ in the level of HDL- C. Conclusion: there is a relation between high level of lipid and increase of BMI with family history of hypertension and ischemic heart disease (IHD) making the subject risk group even if he or she appears to be normal.
ÂKey words: BMI ( body mass index),Â W/H ratio( waist/hip ratio), WC( waist circumference), HC( hip circumference
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