Landsat8 vs. Sentinel-2: Land Use / Land Cover Change mapping for Karbala Governorate, Iraq, 2017 and 2021
Keywords:Landsat-8, Sentinel-2, sensor characteristics, Karbala/Iraq, Land Use/Land Cover Mapping
Satellite images are the essential data source for analyzing and monitoring land cover on various time scales, particularly across large regions. Landsat satellite data with a medium resolution was used to estimate land cover change over a 40-year period.This data contains information on land use and land cover patterns, is now freely available in the international archives. The LULC Remote Sensing Study assists in the ongoing detection and mitigation of crucial habitat risks to protect the environment. Sentinel-2, a satellite mission launched by the European Space Agency between 2015 and 2017 that uses high-resolution 10-day time-lapse multispectral data, gives a new opportunity for ground-based mapping and monitoring in the tropics. We employed 2015 ERDAS, a supervised classification method employing the maximum likelihood technique, to achieve this goal in Karbala/Iraq. This study examines if There is a significant difference in quality of data supplied by Landsat 8 and Sentinel-2 photographs in terms of change-detection maps of land use and land coverfor 2017 and 2021, the results of two satellites were compared ,They showed that their overall accuracy increased by 2.07% for 2017 and 1.83% for 2021, which is more overall accuracy than Landsat-8.