Effect of Multicomponent Exercise Program on the Dyspnea and Fatigue for Patients with Cardiac Dysfunction


  • Safaa Eydan College of Nursing, University of Kufa, Najaf, Iraq.
  • Mohammed A. Mustafa College of Nursing, University of Kufa, Najaf, Iraq
  • Fadhil G. Al-Amran College of Medicine, University of Kufa, Najaf, Iraq




Heart failure, exercise, fatigue, dyspnea


Background: Cardiac dysfunction is the term for the heart's diminished capacity to pump blood efficiently, which can cause a number of symptoms like fatigue and dyspnea. The quality of life and functional ability of people with heart dysfunction can be greatly impacted by these symptoms. Exercise has been acknowledged as a crucial part of managing and rehabbing people with cardiovascular diseases. Exercises have shown potential outcomes in reducing dyspnea and fatigue in this population. The ECHO parameters help in diagnosing and monitoring cardiac dysfunction and guiding the rehabilitation strategies.      

Objectives: To determine the effect of multicomponent exercise program and to Evaluate patients’ fatigue and dyspnea in pre-test, multi-period and post-test.     

Methodology: this randomized controlled trial examine the effectiveness of the Multicomponent exercise program in improving the ECHO parameters in cardiac dysfunction patients. Non-probability (purposively) sample of 80 participants randomly divided into two groups of 40; The study group have been exposed to multicomponent exercise program by the researcher and the control group follow the traditional program provided by the Heart Center. Then the Dyspnea Index scale and the Fatigue severity scale were measures for both groups measured on different intervals during the program period.                                                                                 

Results: The results show a statistically significant (P value less than 0.05) enhancement of both scales among the study group.        

Conclusion: The Multicomponent exercise program has improved the levels of dyspnea and fatigue in those patients who attended the program. These results have important implications for the management and rehabilitation of heart failure patients, highlighting the effectiveness of integrated exercise programs to improving the overall quality of life for individuals with cardiac conditions


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How to Cite

Eydan, S., Mustafa , M. A., & Al-Amran, F. G. (2023). Effect of Multicomponent Exercise Program on the Dyspnea and Fatigue for Patients with Cardiac Dysfunction. Kufa Journal for Nursing Sciences, 13(2), 306–319. https://doi.org/10.36321/kjns.vi20232.12931

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