The Effectiveness of Interactive Workshop Concerning Parenteral Methods of Administration of Medication on Nurses Knowledge toward Best Techniques
Keywords:Interactive workshops, injection, best practice techniques, nurses, test
Background: Injection is routinely administered by nurses in healthcare facilities and in the community. There for, improving the knowledge base for the best practice techniques of injections administration among nurses limit risk of undesirable complications among patients.
Aim of the study: The current study tends to assess the effectiveness of interactive workshops concerning parenteral methods of administration of medications on nurses knowledge toward best techniques.
Subjects and Methods: A pre-posttest quasi-experimental study was carried out starting from 1\ February \2016 to the 30\ July \ 2016. The subjects consisted of 30 nurses from Al-Hilal Hospital for Health Insurance in Sohag governorate as part of the in-service training program. The number has been changed during the study period to only 27 participants during the follow-up procedure. A questionnaire was used. It had two parts. (The first part): collects the nurses personal data (socio-demographic data part, and (the second part): measures nurses' knowledge of the right techniques of injections along 3 stages: before, immediately after, and during follow-up phase. The questionnaire has 20 MCQs revolving around the best techniques of parenteral administration such as 10 patient rights, injections sites, and side effects, the time and places of heparin injection, the uses of central venous catheter, and the risk factors of phlebitis with its symptoms and preventive procedures of extravasation. The data were analyzed by using the SPSS, version 19.
Results: The mean score of nurses knowledge concerning the best techniques of injection in pre-intervention phase was noticeably poor. It improved in posttest phase; and such improvement continued in the follow-up phase in spite of the slight knowledge shortage during this stage. The success of the interactive workshop has been highlighted by higher immediately posttest and follow-up scores (16.3 Â±1.4, 10.5 Â±2.2) respectively, compared with the scores obtained prior to training on parenteral administration (6.6 Â±2.10), with statistical significant differences (p<0.00). The study indicates that the more a nurse is young; the more she is able keep knowledge and information in both the pre-intervention or follow-up phases, with statistical significant differences among group before the application of the program. The study also finds that those who have about 11 years experience and more are less knowledgeable compared to other group. The study also finds that graduates of secondary schools and technical institutes are more able to keep information during the follow-up phase compared to other group of nursing specialists, with statistical significant differences exists among groups in post intervention phase. The study indicates that there is a statistical relation between nurses age, years of experience and levels of acquiring knowledge.
Conclusion: The implementation of an interactive workshop concerning the best parenteral methods of administration of medication on nurses knowledge leads to, the improvement of nurses knowledge immediately after the intervention and for 3 months after the workshop.
Recommendations: The study recommends that more emphasis should be put continuous on interactive educational in order to provide high quality nursing care. A protocol about the best techniques of injection should be distributed among nurses, with intensive studies in this regard on a large scale of nursing specialists.
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Copyright (c) 2018 Ghona Abd El-Nasser Ali
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