Assessment of the Complications of Pregnancy Induced Hypertension among Pregnant Women in AL-Basra Maternity and Children Hospital
Keywords:Assessment, Complication, Pregnancy Induced Hypertension, Pregnant Women
Background: Pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) develops after 20 week of pregnancy in women who originally had no blood pressure. The complication arising of PIH may possibly affect both the mother and her fetus.
Aims of the study: This study aims to assess the complications of pregnancy-induced hypertension; and to determine the relationship between complications of pregnancy inducing hypertension of pregnant women with their demographic characteristics.
Methodology: A descriptive study was done for assessing complications of pregnancy-induced hypertension for pregnant women. The study started in the period of September 26th, 2020 to May, 20th, 2021. A non-probability (Purposive) sample of 100 pregnant women were attending the Al Basra Maternity and Children Hospital in AL-Basra Governorate. A questionnaire consists of two part include demographic data and complications of pregnancy, which are include "complications diagnosed for the pregnant mother; and complications diagnosed on fetus which composed (17) complications". The reliability of the questionnaire was determined through a pilot study and the validity through a panel of experts. The data were collected by questionnaire and interview. The data were described statistically and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical analysis procedures.
Results: The results illustrated that there are low mean of score in all items of assessment related to complications of pregnancy inducing hypertension for pregnant women, a moderate level of mean of score for assessment concerning diagnosed complications on the fetus. The occupation, daily work and it nature were significantly relationship with their complications.
Conclusion: There was a significant relationship between complications of pregnancy inducing hypertension of pregnant women and their age, occupational status, nature of work, and daily working hours, also, most of the complications (Lack of fluids surrounding the fetus, preterm labor, pre-eclampsia, renal failure, Loss of consciousness) have a significant relationship of pregnancy-induced hypertension.
Recommendations: Adequate awareness regarding the reduction of pregnancy complications can also help to reduce the chances of malpractice as well as, manual booklet of complications of pregnancy and how to manage it should be write in simple words and use attractive pictures given to the women and family which indeed decreased pregnancy complications.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Ghufran Khalid, Zahid Mohammed
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