Effect of Contributing Physical Stressors on Breast Cancer in women: A Retrospective Study in Babylon Governorate


  • Rabea M. Ali University of Baghdad
  • Najaat Hamza Hassan Technical Institute – Karbala




Physical Stressors, Breast Cancer, Women, Retrospective study


Objectives: To determine the effect of physical stressors on breast cancer occurrence, and to find out the relationship between breast cancer occurrence and the physical stressors.

Methodology: A retrospective study, a purposive sample of (400) women; (200) women diagnosed with breast cancer were visited AL-Merjan Teaching Hospital Oncology Cancer Center in Babylon Governorate as a study group and (200) women free of breast cancer were collected of different districts within Babylon Governorate as a control group. An assessment tool was constructed for the purpose of the study, it was comprised of Socio-demographic data, Reproductive data, Information related to woman healthy life style (exercise & nutrition), Information related to breast cancer and Physical life stressors consist of (12) item of 10 years previous breast cancer occurrence divided to two periods (previous 1-5 years) and (previous 6-10 years). Physical measurements for measuring obesity and overweight (BMI) as well as the medical records to explain in which stage of breast cancer and other details may be assisting this study. Data were collected of 5 Feb. 2012 to 10 Apr. 2012. Analysis of data was performed through the application of descriptive and inferential statistical data analysis approach.

Results: The study demonstrates that the highest percentage (39.5%) of study sample was in age (50-54) years in comparison with the other age groups for both of study and control groups. There are a highly significant difference at P<0.01 between the physical stressors and breast cancer.

Conclusions: The physical stressor's items distributed in the two periods (1-5) years and (6-10) years, the study group's individuals were reported low assessment grade (65.92%) than control group's individuals. There are too highly significant different at P<0.001 between life aspects and breast cancer in women and no relationship with their demographical and reproductive characteristics variables with an overall assessments at the study group except with (age, parity, and other diseases) variables.

Recommendations:- Activation of media and Ministry of Health role for increasing the awareness of women and their families about the importance of reducing the risk factors which contributing on breast cancer occurrence & importance of early detection of breast cancer



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How to Cite

Ali, R. M., & Hassan, N. H. (2013). Effect of Contributing Physical Stressors on Breast Cancer in women: A Retrospective Study in Babylon Governorate. Kufa Journal for Nursing Sciences, 3(1), 241–253. https://doi.org/10.36321/kjns.vi20131.2399

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