Family Cohesion of Juvenile Delinquents at Reformation Schools in Baghdad City


  • Siham Abdullah Hamoo


 Abstract/Objectives: To assess family cohesion for juvenile delinquents, assess family cohesion of non delinquent juvenile, and to identify the difference between juvenile delinquent and non-delinquent, and find the difference in family cohesion ratio to some specifications demographic of the event delinquent such as age, education level, place of residence, house ownership, social status, size family, with who juvenile live.

Methodology:  The study carried out on a purposive “non probability†sample of (100) delinquents’ juveniles were selected from a Reformation schools for boys in Baghdad City. And 100 subjects who were non delinquents juvenile was selected from general population who living in the same area of residence of cases (from the neighbors of cases). A questionnaire is constructed for the purpose of the present study which is distributed across 2 main parts. Part one included the demographic characteristics of juvenile and their parent, and part two included 16 domains of family context. The family cohesion domain consists of 5 items. The overall items which were included in the questionnaire of this article are 42 items. Validity and reliability of the questionnaire were determined through the review of a panel of experts and the pilot study. Data were collected through the period from September 2nd 2011 to October 2nd 2011. It was analyzed through the descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage, and mean of score) and inferential statistics.

Results: The results revealed that were no significant difference was found in juvenile delinquents' family cohesion domain with regard to their demographic characteristics. Also there were highly significant differences between delinquents and non delinquents with regard to their family cohesion.

Conclusion: The study concluded that juvenile delinquency is a serious problem facing families of children. Where family cohesion plays an important role in the community of this problem and put the juveniles in trouble with the law because of their behavior, as evidenced by this study, that the instability of the family and family problems play an important role in the occurrence of this problem.

Recommendation: Preparation and implementation of training programs on juvenile delinquency for primary school teachers and secondary school to enable them to educate their students about the problem of juvenile delinquency. Dealing with the adolescent as a human being with dignity and provide a decent life, peace and security and seeking to better living conditions for growth. University of Baghdad, College of Nursing, Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.

Keywords: Family, Cohesion, Juvenile Delinquents, Reformation Schools


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How to Cite

Hamoo, S. A. (2014). Family Cohesion of Juvenile Delinquents at Reformation Schools in Baghdad City. Kufa Journal for Nursing Sciences, 3(1). Retrieved from