Assessment of Enuresis in Children in Erbil City


  • Dlair A. K. Chalab Hawler Medical University
  • Kareema Ahmad Hussein Hawler Medical University



Nocturnal enuresis, bed wetting, toilet training, genetic factors and stress


Background: Nocturnal enuresis has been observed that bedwetting often occurred in several members of the same family. A study shows that 70% of children who have enuresis have a parent who has a history of the disorder. Another study shows that Nocturnal Enuresis (bed wetting) is a relatively common disorder fraught with emotional physical and social effects.

Objectives: The aim of the study is to detect certain factors related to enuresis, such as (genetic factor, family history, stress, urinary tract infection, diabetic mellitus and sleeping disorder).

Methodology: A descriptive study, conducted in outpatient in Raparen Pediatric Teaching Hospital in Erbil City, in the April 1st 2011 to May 30th 2012. A convenience sample size of 50 mothers with their children aged (5-15) years old were selected to achieve the aim of this study.

Results: The results revealed that 62% of  the study sample were females, the age of total sample 76% were range between (5-7) years old, more than half of the sample had previously bed wetting, 72% of the them start bed wetting at age 5 years old, and 40% of them had bed wetting day and night highest frequency 74% and 32% risk factors of enuresis were by genetic factors and urinary tract infection respectively, while 26% and (22% ) of them their sisters or brothers had enuresis too, respectively.

Conclusion: Present study concluded that enuresis is a pediatric public health problem that associated with young age children, family history of enuresis and history of urinary tract infections in addition to a lot of maternal & child demographic data. Majority of the sample had previously bed wetting, most of them start bed wetting at age 5 years old.

Recommendation: The study recommended the parents to be more attention and give care about their children during toilet training.




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How to Cite

Chalab, D. A. K., & Hussein, K. A. (2014). Assessment of Enuresis in Children in Erbil City. Kufa Journal for Nursing Sciences, 4(1), 83–89.

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