A Study to Assess the Maternal Factors Leading to Low Birth Weight Babies in Selected Hospitals of Pune-India
Keywords:mothers, babies, maternal factors, low birth weight
Background: The birth weight of an infant is the single most important determinate of its chances of the survival, health growth and development.
Objectives: Assessment of maternal factors leading to low birth weight babies and Associate it with some demographic variable of the babies.
Methodology: Non-experimental exploratory survey research was conducted in Jun 20th to Dec 31st 2011 in India. A Non-probability convenient sample consists of 100 postnatal mothers who delivered low birth weight babies were selected from Pune Hospitals. The tool used for data collection is a structured questionnaire consisted from two sections: 1- Maternal factors and 2- Demographic variables. Content validity of the tools determined by a panel of experts. Reliability was determined by rational equivalence test. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis.
Results: The results of current study reveals that there were high significant association between medicines taken during pregnancy with gestational age, a significant association between maternal factors like weight gain during pregnancy with gestational age, a significant association between maternal factors like iron and folic acid during pregnancy with gestational age. There is no significant association among other factors.
Conclusion: Researcher concluded that maternal factors (Personal, Biological, Nutritional, History of disease, Psychological and Social factors) can affect the weight of the babies.
Recommendations: Further studies need to be conducted among antenatal and postnatal women.
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Copyright (c) 2014 MRS. Kafia Hashim Karim
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