Assessment of Congestive Heart Failure Patients Knowledge and Compliance in Kirkuk


  • Saad Ahmed Mahmood Ministry of Health
  • Abid Salih Kumait University of Kirkuk



Heart failure , practice, Knowledge


Background: Heart failure is an increasing cause of morbidity and mortality, especially in people aged above 65
years. Year after year, heart failure (HF) affects and kills an increasingly large number of people, the nurses educating of Heart Failure patients about diagnosis and treatment of their diseases have fewer hospital readmissions and a better quality of life.

Objectives: In order to assessment patients knowledge and compliance with congestive heart failure in Kirkuk city. as well as to find out the relationship between patients knowledge and some as age and gender, residence, educational level.

Methodology: A descriptive study of a quantitative design was conducted in Kirkuk hospitals( Kirkuk general
hospital, Azadi teaching hospital and Dakuk hospital) through out the period of 1st of June 2012 to 31st of July
2013. A non-probability (purposive) sample of (75) patients who admitted to Cardiac care units and ward of
internal medicine at ( Kirkuk general hospital, Azadi teaching hospital and Dakuk hospital). In order to collect the
study information, a questionnaire was constructed. The questionnaire which contain of (54) items. Demographic
data include (9) items, knowledge of the Patients include (36) items, practice of the Patients include (9) items.
3-likert scale option was used in the rating scale as: (3) for yes, (2) for uncertain, and (1) for no. Content validity was determined by presenting the questionnaire to a panel of (10) experts Frequencies and percentage were used to describe and to analyze the data the present study and inferential statistical data analysis (chi-square).

Results: The findings of the study indicate that a high percentage 56% of patients was of four age group (51-
and more) years. Its also appears that more than half (61%) of patients was male. With regard to their educational
level, a high percentage (37%) of less than secondary school. The data indicate that (60%) were married. It had
been noted that the majority of patients (70%) were retired. As for address, it is obvious that a high percentage
(62%) of the patients were in the city. The data indicates that the most of these patients (72%) were had chronic
diseases. The data analysis revealed that a high percentage (72%) of the patients were use medications. Its also
appears that (53%) were no smoking.

Conclusions: A socio demographic characteristic tends to have clearly effect on the knowledge of the patients
and nursing staff, also the study concluded high percentage of patients have poor knowledge and practice
about disease, while nurses staff have poor knowledge and need to update about congestive heart failure.

Recommendation: According to the results of the study, the study recommended the following items, concentrates
should be on the health education for our society who may be had risk factors to heart diseases, more studies
conducting about heart disease.


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Author Biography

Saad Ahmed Mahmood, Ministry of Health

Kirkuk Health directorate




How to Cite

Mahmood, S. A., & Kumait, A. S. (2014). Assessment of Congestive Heart Failure Patients Knowledge and Compliance in Kirkuk. Kufa Journal for Nursing Sciences, 4(2), 119–127.

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