Impact of Instructional Program on Nurses for Preventive Measures of Hepatitis (B and C) Infection Control in Medical City Hospitals
Keywords:Infection control, HVB, HVC, Protective measures
Background: Viral hepatitis is a silent epidemic disease. Although it is a leading infectious cause of death, the delivery of health care has the potential to transmit hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus to both health care workers and patients.
Objectives: the study aims to:
1- Assess the nurses knowledge and practices about preventive measures of Hepatitis (B and C) Infection Control.
2- Evaluate the impact of instructional program on nurses knowledge and practices about preventive measures of
Hepatitis (B and C) Infection Control.
3- Find out the relationship between impact of instructional program and nurses age, level of education, and year of
Methodology :A quasi-experimental design study was carried out at Baghdad teaching hospital and Ghazi Al-Hareri
for Specialist Surgeries hospital, during the period of June, 20th 2012 to June, 28th 2013, the study samples was
composed of (60) nurses who working in the surgical ward unit, those nurses are divided equally into the study and the control groups. The researchers construct the instructional program which consist of( 6) sessions related to viral
hepatitis, mode of transmission, and method of control during contact with patients and facilities, and it was expose the study group for the conducted program and then measures the impact of program on knowledge and practices of the study group by conduct the instrument which composed of demographic data for nurses, assessment of the nurses' knowledge, and observational checklist of nurses practices for preventive measures of Hepatitis (B and C) Infection Control, and differentiated with control group, the validity of the instrument are determined through a panel of (10) experts, The researcher analyzed the data through the application of descriptive frequency, percentages; mean of scores; and the inferential analysis (Pearson correlation coefficient and t-test, ANOVA and paired t-test),
Result: the results of the study revealed that the mean of age is 35 years, the majority of the staff are nursing school
graduated, most of them have HBV immunization.
Conclusion: the study confirms that the instruction oriented program on nurses study group is significant, and that there were statistical differences between level of education and year of experiences with knowledge and practices at P≥0.05.
Recommendation: The study recommends that the application for national program of immunization against viral
hepatitis at all health centers and continuous medical educational program for all staff in the health center, and
continuous follow up to applying the program of preventive measures for HVB, and HVC.
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Copyright (c) 2015 Tahseen Rajab Mohammed / Huda Baqer Hassan
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