Effectiveness of an Educational Program on Nurses Knowledge about Nosocomial Infection: Case- Control Study
Keywords:Nosocomial Infection, Infection control, Hospital acquire disease
Objectives: the present study aims to find out the effectiveness of an educational program concerning the nurse's knowledge about nosocomial infection, and to find out the relationship between effectiveness of program and nurses year of experiences, level of education, and training course.
Methodology: A quasi-experimental design study was carried out at Baghdad teaching hospital for medical ward, during the period of December, 20th 2013 to September, 30th of July 2014. The objectives of the present study are to assess the nurses knowledge about nosocomial infection in medical units and to find out the effectiveness of educational program on nurses knowledge. The study samples is composed of (60) nurses who have been actually working in the medical wards in Baghdad Teaching Hospital, those nurses are divided equally into the study and the control groups. Instruments: The researchers constructed the educational program and instruments in order to reach the aims of this study. The questionnaires consist of two parts; first is concerned with the demographic data for nurses; the second part is concerned with the assessment of the nurses' knowledge about nosocomial infection Statistical Methods: The data have been analyzed through the application of: descriptive frequency, percentages; mean of scores; and the inferential analysis that include: Analysis of variance and the researcher used the SPSS version 20 to analysis of data.
Results: Most of the nurses 63.3% was females at age 20-29, in relation to marital status most samples was married, and graduated of nursing institute as educational level, 53.3% of nurses have (1-9) years of experience and majority of nurses included with training course in Iraq but not related to nosocomial infection, and the findings of present study revealed that there were statistical differences in nosocomial infection knowledge of nurses between pre and post program and between post study and post control group also there are statistical differences between level of education of nurses and nosocomial infection knowledge at P ≥0.05.
Conclusion: the present study concluded that the educational program was effective on nurse's knowledge about nosocomial infection.
Recommendation: The study recommends working to application of national program of nosocomial infection program at all health centers and continuous medical educational program for all staff in the health center, and continuous follow up to applying the program to prevent nosocomial infection after admission patients to hospital
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Copyright (c) 2015 Saad Jissir, Huda Hassan
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