Assessment of Health Protective Behaviors for Clients' with Stable Angina at Out-patient Clinics in Al- Nasiriyah City

Authors

  • Arka B. Naje University of Baghdad
  • Ahmed Mahdi Ministry of Health

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36321/kjns.vi20161.2607

Keywords:

Health protective behaviors, Clients, Out-patient clinics

Abstract

Objectives: To assess of health protective behavior for clients with stable angina through use three domains' of dietary habits ,physical activity, and Health follow-up, and also to determine the relationship between health protective behaviors and demographic characteristics.

Methodology: Descriptive study between November 26, 2014 to July 8, 2015 conducted health protective behavior for clients' at out-patient clinics in Al- Nasiriyah city on. A non-probability (purposive sample) of (N=130) clients were matched with them of general population. The data were collected through the use of interview by questionnaire, which consists of two parts (1) divide, section A. Socio-demographic data which consists of 7-items, and part (2) health protective behaviors questionnaire consists of 39-items distributed to seven dimensions include, domains, dietary habits ,physical activity ,and Health follow-up. All the items were measured on scale of (3) Always, (2) Sometimes, and (1) Never. Content validity of the questionnaire was determine through a panel of (17) experts. Reliability and validity of questionnaire was determined through the implicated the cronbach alpha=87
technique of pilot study, and the data was analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical of inferential statistical analysis

Results: The study results showed that the stable angina can occur between the age group (60-69) for clients at outpatient in Al- Nasiriyah city. Most of the study sample (60.8%) is male. (84.6%) of the sample are married. With regard to educational level (25.4%) of the study participants are illiterate, (42.3%) of the study sample of a sufficient income to some extent, and (69.2%) live in rural areas, and (56.9%) of them are unemployed (including housewife). As well, the study indicates the presence of a statistically significant relationship between health protection behaviors and marital status, occupation and level of education of the study.

Conclusion: Stable angina can happen to elderly of clients at out-patient clinics in Al- Nassirya city. The majority of health protective behaviors for clients with stable angina were adequate and good, except physical activity domain was inadequate and need to improvement due to the aging process, which means that they overall experience health behaviors which increase their ability for self-management of illness.

Recommendation: Health education programs should be towards the elderly clients or patients with stable angina for purposes of protect , maintain and promote health especially regarding physical activity domain in all out-patient clinics of the hospitals and the specialized centers. A nation-wide study can be done to add extra of health protective behaviors and can be carried out on large sample size and this characteristics can be used as data base for further research in this is area.

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Author Biography

Ahmed Mahdi , Ministry of Health

Al-Nasirihyah Heart Center

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Published

2016-05-25

How to Cite

Naje, A. B., & Mahdi , A. (2016). Assessment of Health Protective Behaviors for Clients’ with Stable Angina at Out-patient Clinics in Al- Nasiriyah City. Kufa Journal for Nursing Sciences, 6(1), 207–214. https://doi.org/10.36321/kjns.vi20161.2607

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