A Multiplicative-Additive Chaotic-Address Steganography


  • Haneen H. Alwan University of Kufa, Najaf 54001, Iraq
  • Zahir M. Hussain University of Kufa, Najaf 54001, Iraq




Chaos theory, Chaotic maps, Lyapunov exponents, Steganography, Data Security


In this study, Multiple-Chaotic maps were merged by using multiplicative-additive form to generate the chaotic sequences which are used to track the addresses of shuffled bits in steganography. Three techniques are introduced for image steganography in the spatial domain. The first system is based on the well-known LSB technique, the second system is based on looking for the identical bits between the secret message and the cover image and the third system is based on the concept of LSB substitution, it is employed the mapping of secret data bits with cover pixel bits. It was tested and evaluated security levels for the proposed techniques by using the Peak Signal-to-Noise Ratio (PSNR), Mean Square Error (MSE), histogram analysis and correlative analysis and tested the Chaotic sequences generated by using correlation, Lypaunov exponents, Poincaré section and 0-1Test. The results show that the proposed methods perform better than existed systems.


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How to Cite

Alwan, H., & Hussain, Z. . (2021). A Multiplicative-Additive Chaotic-Address Steganography. Journal of Kufa for Mathematics and Computer, 7(2), 16–25. https://doi.org/10.31642/JoKMC/2018/070204

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