Preparation and comparison performance of CuO Nanopartecles and CuO/TiO2 / Nanocomposite and application in solar cell
Keywords:CuO /TiO2 , Nanocomposite, Hydrothermal , DSSCs
Nanostructures of metal oxides of CuO, and TiO2 were prepared by the hydrothermal method. Also, CuO/TiO2 nanocomposites were prepared by the hydrothermal technique using an equal ratio of 1:1 The properties of the prepared compounds were investigated through Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy FE-SEM, Transmission Electron Microscopy TEM, X-Ray Diffraction. The images of FE-SEM have confirmed that the prepared TiO2 , CuO, and nanoparticles were structured as Nanoparticles, Spherical, and CuO/ TiO2 nanocomposites which were mixed in an equal ratio were structured as rocks-like structures. The results of the X-ray diffraction indicated the presence of CuO, and TiO2 as (monoclinic structures, Tetragonal) respectively. with the average crystallite sizes,( 13.10,8.65 and 10.12)nm, for CuO , TiO2 and CuO/TiO2 respectively. The optical properties of the prepared nanoparticles CuO , TiO2 , and CuO/TiO2 were studied through UV-Vis Spectroscopy. The optical band gap of the prepared products was determined by UV-Visible spectrophotometry and was found to be 2.1, 3.0, and 2.8 eV for TiO2, CuO, NPs, and CuO /TiO2 nanocomposites respectively. Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) fabricated based on TiO2, CuO, NPs, and CuO /TiO2 nanocomposites are casted onto (FTO) substrates (front electrode), while the back electrode is carbon/FTO-glass substrate. Two types of natural dyes were used in this study. Chlorophyll pigment in green leek and anthocyanin red pigment in cochineal pomegranate whereas iodine/ iodide KI/I2 is used as the electrolyte solution. The solar cells efficiency rates (1.51,0.74 and 0.94) for CuO, TiO2 NPs, and CuO /TiO2 nanocomposites/ are chlorophyll pigments present in green leek respectively. and The solar cells efficiency rates (1.20,0.558 and 0.88) for CuO, TiO2 Nps, and CuO/TiO2 nanocomposites/ anthocyanin pigment present in red pomegranate respectively
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Copyright (c) 2023 Ghanem Abdulnabi, Amer Musa Juda
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