Relationship Between Lifestyle and Incidence Rate of Asymptomatic Hypertension among Early Middle Age People
Keywords:asymptomatic hypertension, early middle age, incidence rate, lifestyle.
Background: Asymptomatic hypertension is characterized as increased systolic blood pressure equal to or more than 140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure equal to or more than 90 mmHg without immediate signs of end-organ injury.
Objectives: to estimate the incidence rate to assess the lifestyle level and its relation to the incidence rate of asymptomatic hypertension among early middle age people. Methods: A cross sectional study design was performed and a non / probability (convenience approach) sampling technique with a size of sample 270 subjects who visited Merjan and AL Imam AL Sadiq Teaching Hospitals from 1 December 2022 to 30 March 2023. Data was gathered by two techniques, an interview and developed a questionnaire, and taking two different blood pressure readings for every participant. Results: overall incidence rate of asymptomatic hypertension was 16.584%. The study found a moderate lifestyle (54.81%) and a highly significant relationship between lifestyle items and the incidence rate of asymptomatic hypertension (p-value = <0.0001) among early middle age people.
Conclusion: High incidence rate of asymptomatic hypertension in Hilla City and it is more common in females than men and lifestyle play an important role in developing asymptomatic hypertension among early middle age.
Recommendation: The study recommends activating preventive strategies such as early detection for asymptomatic hypertension in primary health care centers and hospitals and focusing on conducting educational health programs about the seriousness of the disease and promoting optimum and healthy lifestyles, including healthy eating habits, physical activities, stopping smoking, and following a healthy sleep pattern.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Reghdaa Al-Rubaie, Fatima Wanas Al-Hasnawy
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