Association between Nutrient Contents of Foods and Occurrence of Breast Cancer, A Case Control Study


  • Jangi Shawkat Salai Ministry of Health
  • Jwan Ibrahim Jawzali



Dietary habit, nutrient intakes, risks of breast cancer


Objective: The study conducted to identify association of nutrient contents of foods with occurrence of breast cancer compares to control group.

Design: It is descriptive (analytic case-control study). Interview questionnaire was used to collect data of; socio-demographic properties, reproductive history, familial cancer history, and life style factors included indices of obesity,  and diet history data to calculate intake of; energy, macronutrient, vitamins and minerals by quantitative food frequency questionnaire.

Methodology: The study included (59) women with diagnosed breast cancer, and (65) controls women free from all types of cancer attending Rizgary and Hawler teaching hospital / Erbil / Iraq , from the period of 1st April to 30 July 2011. Statistical analysis included Descriptive statistic, and logistic regression analysis

Results: The results showed significant increase in the risk of breast cancer by; low income and low awareness, family history of cancer, and higher intake than controls of; energy, digestible and high glycemic load carbohydrates, saturated fats, cholesterol, vitamins; thiamin, and cholecalciferol and minerals; phosphors, sodium zinc, manganese, and selenium. While primary education level act as significant protective factor in addition to slight protective effect of; vitamins K (naphthoquinones), insoluble fiber and (beans and tea) as foods.

Conclusion: High dietary intake of rich energy nutrients, and salty foods could cause; oxidative stress , hormone disturbance and associate with breast cancer risk . Low and safe levels of dietary micro-nutrients and their blood homeostasis may decrease tissues damage and risk of breast cancer.

Recommendations: The study recommended implementation nutritional status assessment and nutritional educational program by nutritional specialized nurses, and nutritionists.



Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Jangi Shawkat Salai, Ministry of Health

Rizgary Teaching Hospitals




How to Cite

Salai, J. S., & Jawzali , J. I. (2017). Association between Nutrient Contents of Foods and Occurrence of Breast Cancer, A Case Control Study. Kufa Journal for Nursing Sciences, 7(1), 50–65.

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.