Prevalence of Sleep Disorders Among Children in Elementary Schools in Kirkuk City


  • Dr. Radwan H. Ibraim



Aim: The  purpose  of  this  study  was to examine the  prevalence  rates  of  several  symptoms  of  sleep disorders in  young children, and the relationship between symptoms of pediatric sleep disorders  and other childhood problems.

Methodology: A descriptive study design , subjects consist of (600) pupils  divided   in  to  336  male  and  264 female, aged  6 to 12 years,  The  data  were  collected  from  20  Kirkuk  elementary  schools  during  a  period  of  five  months  extending  from  December, 1st , 2011 to  May,  1st , 2012. Were selected through parent report and  academic assessment. Reliability and validity of questionnaire were determined by performance of a pilot study. Data were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistics ( Frequency , percentage and mean) and inferential statistic analysis ( correlation coefficient and chi-Square test). Children  who  rated  as  high  risk  for  having  sleep  disorder  displayed more  externalizing  and  internalizing  problems, less developed  academic skills, and  lower scores  on a  measure of  academic  skills, as compared to children whose sleep was rated within the normal  range.

Results: It  was  found  that  25%  of children  were at high risk for having at least  one  type  of  sleep disorder.

Conclusions: High  rates of  sleep disorder  symptoms  were  observed  across  all  disorder  categories,  particularly  in  Excessive daytime sleepiness and  Obstructive  Sleep  Apnea  Syndrome . This indicates that  the  symptoms  of  sleep  disorders  are  already  apparent even at sample  (6 – 12) years old.

Recommendation: Early  identification  and intervention were crucial in order to assist children suffering  from  sleep disorders. Future  research  should  focus  on using  larger  samples in order to gain a more accurate  picture of  prevalence  rates in this population. In addition, larger  samples would more precisely determine the differences that exist between the 3 categories of  risk  for  a  sleep  disorder : normal  risk, moderate  risk, and high risk .

Key word: prevalence , children, sleep disorder.



Download data is not yet available.




How to Cite

Ibraim, D. R. . H. (2014). Prevalence of Sleep Disorders Among Children in Elementary Schools in Kirkuk City. Kufa Journal for Nursing Sciences, 3(1). Retrieved from