Imam Ali (peace be upon him) and his opponents

Authors

  • Prof.Dr. Ohood Hussein Jabr Kufa University / Kufa Studies Center

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36322/jksc.v1i69.12553

Keywords:

caliph, opposition, Muslims, Kharijites, dialogue

Abstract

Praise be to God, Lord of the Worlds, and prayers and peace be upon the Master of the Messengers and his pure and pure family, and after:

     Imam Ali (peace be upon him) had principles that he adheres to, which are the principles of the true Islamic religion, and he did not waver from them one iota, and he never compromised at the expense of the truth, and did not change his behavior in all circumstances. It cost the Imam (peace be upon him) a lot in his life, and he became his opponents, who worked secretly and publicly to undermine his caliphate, and it came to the point that his life would be the price of these positions.

And the Imam (peace be upon him) was, despite his possession of power and strength, but he was lenient with his enemies and opponents to the extreme, and he did not leave a way to convince them until they came back to their senses, through constructive dialogue in which the Imam respects their values ​​and convictions.

The research is based on the reasons that created the opposition, and who are the most prominent people in opposition to the Imam, peace be upon him, and how the Imam dealt with these, in addition to what he directed his companions and group with in dealing with the other party. With him, after assuming the caliphate, he removed the governors of the former Caliph Uthman bin Affan .. including the governor of the Levant, Muawiyah bin Sufyan - and replaced them with others, and here began his declared battle with Muawiyah - the mean ruler hiding behind the Umayyad caliphate of Othman.

Muawiyah was a front that included everyone who wanted to join the opposition to the Imam, peace be upon him, and the Kufic community included a large group, including Al-Ash’ath bin Qais, Amr bin Harith and their ilk whose interests were struck during the era of the Imam, peace be upon him. Peace be upon him, aiming to overthrow his government

He provoked their indignation, so they conspired not to displace him, so at that time the people were divided into two groups between supporters of the Imam’s rule and those who oppose it, but the Imam did not force anyone to join him, and thus the Imam is one of the first to implement democracy in his politics, and in fact, he knew accurate knowledge of the morals of those who left him behind. He realizes the greed and craving for the world and the desire for it in their hearts.

   The positions of the Imam, peace be upon him, towards his opponents were honorable, more than that narrow view of the enemies, for he put mercy for people and the interests of the nation over his feelings and what these caused him of pain, and he was stripped of his feelings towards them (And if he wanted to discipline the disobedient, he did not lack means nor hindered him from them)

The Imam (peace be upon him) was inclined to peace, reconciliation and harmony among people

 This does not mean that Ali (peace be upon him) used to reject war in all cases, but war has necessities.

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References

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Published

2023-06-28

How to Cite

Jabr, O. (2023) “Imam Ali (peace be upon him) and his opponents”, Journal of Kufa Studies Center, 1(69), pp. 111–134. doi: 10.36322/jksc.v1i69.12553.

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