GC-MS analysis and anti-bacterial activity of Lantana camara extracts from Iraq
Keywords:Lantana camara, GC/MS, n-Hexane extract, Ethanolic extract, Methanolic extract
Scientists from all over the world are currently investigating medicinal plants. Plants have long been used as a source of medicine by humans due to their low cost and long history of use. Due to technological limitations, most traditional medicines in the past were derived from plants. Lantana camara belongs to the Verbenaceae family of plants. In this study, the antibacterial and phytochemical properties of Lantana camara extracts from Iraq were analyzed. The extract composition was analyzed using GC/MS. using the agar well diffusion method and broth dilution assay to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of each extract. The aerial parts of the Lantana camara herb were extracted with n-hexane, then ethanol, and finally methanol. The beneficial phytochemicals found in L. camara include triterpenoids, flavonoids, alkaloids, saponins, steroids, and tannins. This article will be useful for researchers studying the biological activity, phytochemical composition, and antibacterial activity of Lantana camara.
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