دراسة وظيفية في ديوان (في البدء كانت الانثى) لسعاد الصباح على ضوء نظرية التواصل لرومان جاكبسون
Souad al-Sabah’s poetry is characterized by its overwhelming emotions and unaffected and unbridled sentiments. Her poetry is known for its protest against the ruling patriarchal society, seeking justice and equality, and the subject of Arab women. A vengeful defiance against the power of men and humiliation of women is evident in most of her divans and literary works, especially in ‘In the Beginning the Female Was. In this research, an attempt was made to examine a number of her poems from this divan based on Jakobson’s theory of verbal communication using the descriptive-analytical method. The verbal communication theory is one of the most important and recent linguistic theories, and Roman Jacobson is considered as its rightful theorist. He believes that language is based on six elements: 1) addresser (sender) with an emotive function, 2) addressee (receiver) with a conative function, 3) message with a poetique function, 4) context with a referential function, 5) contact/channel with a phatic function, and 6) metalingual with a metalinguistique function. One of the most important results of this research was that the addresser, i.e. the poet, is central in this divan and therefore the emotive function is dominant in her poetry.
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