University of Kufa / College of Education
Keywords:Ideology, Nationalism, Critical Discourse Analysis, Van Dijk's (2000, 2006) Models, Micro Strategies, Macro strategies
The present paper is a critical discourse analysis of the ideology of nationalism in Boris Johnson's first speech as Prime Minister. The problem with current study is that the ideology of nationalism in Boris Johnson's first speech has not been critically analyzed. The study aims to show how the ideology of nationalism is represented in Johnson's speech. Furthermore, it attempts to identify the micro strategies that indicate the ideology of nationalism and which strategies are most frequently used and least frequently used. The study adopted an eclectic model based on Van Dijk's (2000, 2006). The paper concludes that the ideology of nationalism in Boris Johnson's speech is fundamentally represented by micro strategies, which in turn lead to macro strategies of positive self-representation and negative other representation. Then, the micro strategies that indicate the ideology of nationalism in Johnson's speech are distancing, honesty, repetition, actor description, comparison, lexicalization, national self-glorification, metaphor, number game, and populism. Finally, the most frequently employed strategies of the ideology of nationalism are lexicalization and national self-glorification, whereas the least frequently employed is the strategy of metaphor.