Anthropological principles and evidence for women's moral responsibility in Islamic ethics
Keywords:the responsibility, Moral responsibility, woman, assignment, Ultimate perfection
The moral responsibility, which is “to be fit to be held accountable for moral duties,” is fully realized in the Islamic office before God. The topic of moral responsibility among the investigations of ethics is extremely important. Because it can be considered as a sponsor for the performance of moral duties with responsibility. The human motive to reach his final perfection is purposeful and will accelerate. Irresponsibility will endanger a person's individual and social life. Without responsibility, the system of society which is based on cooperation will collapse and no group, institution or organization will be formed. Meanwhile, the responsibility of women is of paramount importance. Women's roles in the family, such as shepherdship, motherhood, education, physical and religious child-rearing, household management, etc., are part of the important responsibilities of women. The family system will vanish without the responsibility of the woman and the child-rearing will not be successful. The first and most important topic related to this issue is the study of the theoretical foundations of women's responsibility. These principles include ontological, anthropological, epistemological, axiological, and sociological principles. This study aims to address the anthropological origin of women's moral responsibility in Islamic ethics to show that the foundations of the grave responsibility of this heavenly being are very strong and rooted, and in the end, women will reach the highest level of perfection by properly fulfilling their responsibility. We can refer to the most important of these principles, which is: the woman’s choice, her knowledge, her strength, the eternity of her soul, and her being a seeker of perfection.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Muhammed Ali Muhety Ardakan, Aliredha Shahriyi pour, Sarah Taqwaei
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