The political activity of Ziauddin Tabatabaei in Iran 1944-1946 AD


  • Muhammed Hussein Matar College of Arts - University of Kufa
  • Ali Azem Muhammad College of Arts - University of Kufa



Activity, political, constitutional movemen, the Shah, opposition, parties


The history of Iran is of great importance to researchers and historians due to its sensitive location on the Arabian Gulf and its riches that were the focus of attention of major countries.
Among the personalities who played a distinguished role on the Iranian political arena was Diaa al-Din Tabatabaei, who lived in three different stages of modern and contemporary Iranian history, the period of the Qajar state and its fall in 1925 AD, and the Pahlavi state, which was characterized by two different eras, the reign of Reza Shah 1926-1941 AD, and was succeeded by his son, Muhammad Reza. Pahlavi 1941-1979 AD, which completes an era with special features, whether with regard to Iran's internal situation or its external relations.
Diaa al-Din was born in the city of Shiraz in 1888 AD from an Alawite religious family. His father worked as a preacher and preacher in the court of the Iranian Crown Prince Mozaffar al-Din Shah (1853-1907 AD). It is distinguished by its scathing articles against Iranian officials because of the bad conditions in which Iran lived, and it became clear from the beginning that Tabatabai leaned towards the British side because he believed that Iran would not advance economically and scientifically except through this cooperation. The first military coup in the history of the Middle East took place in February 1921 AD, but the political rivalry between Reza Khan and Diaa al-Din Tabatabaei eventually led to Reza Khan taking control of Iran and Diaa al-Din leaving Iran in June 1921 AD. Diaa al-Din remained in exile, roaming between Europe and Palestine Until 1943 AD, when he returned to Iran after the Allied forces forced Reza Shah to step down from power in 1941 AD because of his siding with the German side in World War II (1939-1945 AD), and the return of Zia al-Din witnessed a revival of right-wing forces in the face of the Tudeh Communist Party, and this is what we will control The light in our research, and Dia Al-Din's political life ended after his arrest in 1946 AD, to begin the stage of political retirement for Dia Al-Din, which lasted until his death in 1969 AD 0


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How to Cite

Matar, Muhammed, and Ali Muhammad. “The Political Activity of Ziauddin Tabatabaei in Iran 1944-1946 AD”. Kufa Journal of Arts, vol. 1, no. 15, Nov. 2013, pp. 173-06, doi:10.36317/kaj/2013/v1.i15.6467.

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