Imam al-Ridha, peace be upon him his biography, intellectual opinions and political approval through Andalusian and Moroccan


  • Dr.Fa'iq Mohammed Hussein Al-Zubaydi Directorate-General for Education Rusafa/ 2



Imam Reza, sources, his life, Andalusian, political, stances


    It was for biographers and , translations   had the effect of showing the personality of the infallible imams, peace be upon them, and among these are the Andalusian and Moroccan writers, through their use of the correct scientific historical writing methods in the midst of the course of events they went through. Peace be upon him (the subject of our research) and among the writers who contributed in this field is, Ibn Abd Rabbo Al-Andalusi, (d. 328AH/939AD), in his book, (The Unique Contract), and Muhammad bin Abi Bakr Al-Ansari Al-Talmisani Al-Bari (645AH/1247AD), touched on Also in his book (The Jewel in the Lineage of Imam Ali and his family), and Ibn al-Sabbagh al-Maliki (d. 855 AH / 1451 AD), through his book, (Important chapters in the knowledge of the imams), and many of them whose opinions we will review on his fragrant biography, honorable ethics, his intellectual effects, and his positions Political relations with the Abbasid caliphate, and the research also included the important conclusions that we reached through this luminous page in the life of Imam Reza, peace be upon him.                                     


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-Al-Malqi, Abi Al-Qasim (d. 783 AH, 1381 AD) The brilliant people in beneficial politics, Tah: Ali Sami Al-Nashar (Casablanca, House of Culture, 1404 AH/ 1984 AD).

-Al-Bakri, Abu Ubaid Abdullah bin Muhammad Al-Aziz bin Hamad (d. 487 AH/1094 CE), paths and kingdoms, Taj, Jamal Tolba (Beirut, Dar Al-Kutub Al-Alami, 1424 AH/2002 AD).).

-Ibn Abd Rabbu Al-Andalusi, Ahmed bin Muhammad (d. 328 AH/939 AD), the unique contract: Abdul Majeed Al-Raheeni (Beirut, Dar Al-Kutub Al-Alami, 1404 AH/1983 AD).).

-Abu Ishaq Al-Qabrouni) Ibrahim bin Ali Al-Hosari (d. 453 AH/ 1061 AD), blossom of literature and the fruit of the door, presented to him: Salah al-Din al-Hawari, (Beirut, the modern library, 421 AH/ 2001 CE).

-Ibn Hazm Al-Andalusi, Ibn Muhammad bin Ali bin Ahmed bin Saeed (d. 456 AH/1063 CE), Ansal Al-Arab, Tah, Abd al-Salam Muhammad Harun (Cairo, Dar Al-Maarif, 1382 AH/1962 AD).)

-The chapter on boredom, desires and bees, edited by: Muhammad Ibrahim Nasr and Abd al-Rahman Amira (Beirut, Dar al-Jabal, 1417 AH / 1996 AD).

- Al-Bari, Muhammad bin Abi Bakr Al-Ansari Al-Tilmisani (645 AH / 1247 AD) The Jewel in the Lineage of Imam Ali and his family, edited by: Muhammad Al-Tawikhi (Beirut, Dar Al-Jabal, 1414 AH / 1993 AD). 8- Abi Abdullah Al-Gharnati, Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Ahmed bin Muhammad bin Abdullah Al-Jazi Al-Kalbi (758 AH/1356 AD), The Lights in the Lineage of the Chosen Prophet, edited by: Mahdi Al-Raja’i (Qum Holy, Grand Ayatollah Marashi Najafi’s Great Library, 1431 AH). /2010 AD).

- Ibn Battuta, Shams al-Din Abi Abdullah Muhammad bin Abdullah al-Lawati al-Tanji (d. 770 AH/1377 AD), Ibn Battuta’s journey called Tuhfat al-Nazzar in the Oddities of the Cities and the Wonders of Travel, presented and verified by: Abd al-Hadi al-Tazi (Rabat, Academy of the Kingdom of Morocco, 1417 A.H./1997 A.D).

-Ibn Khaldun, Abd al-Rahman (d. 808 AH /1406 AD), the history of Ibn Khaldun called the Diwan of the Beginner and Al-Khobar from the history of the Arabs and birds and from their juice from the greatest matter, seized its board: Khalil Shahwa and Suhail Zaar (Cairo, Dar Al-Fikr for Printing, 1421 AH /2000 AD ).)

-Ibn al-Sabbagh al-Maliki, Ali bin Muhammad bin Ahmad al-Makki (d. 855 AH/1451 AD), the important chapters in knowing the imams, Tah: Sami al-Ghuiri (Qom al-Quds, 1379 AH/1959 AD).)

-Al-Humairi, Muhammad bin Abdul Moneim (d. 900 AH/1495 AD), Al-Rawd Al-Moaran in the news of the countries, Tah: Ihsan Abbas (Beirut, Lebanon Library, 1045 AH/1984 AD ).

-Abi Al-Hassan Al-Rouhi, Ali bin Abi Abdullah Muhammad bin Abi Al-Surur bin Abdul Rahman (1087 AH/1676 AD) in the language of Al-Zafaa on the anniversary of the dates of the caliphs, Tah: Muhammad Zainhham Muhammad Arab Alexandria, Library of Religious Culture, 1422 AH/2001 AD).)

-Ibn Muhammad (d. 363 AH/973 AD), Book of Councils and Mushara, Tah: Habib Al-Fiqi, Ibrahim Montouj and Muhammad Al-Iglawi (Beirut, Dar Al-Muntazer, 1417 AH/1996AD ).

-Abi Al-Qasim bin Ahmed Al-Andalusi (d. 462 AH/1070 AD) The Book of Layers of Nations, The Tail of his footnotes: Father Louis Al-Jesoui (Beirut, 1912 AD, Catholic Library ).



How to Cite

Al-Zubaydi, Fa’iq. “ Imam Al-Ridha, Peace Be Upon Him His Biography, Intellectual Opinions and Political Approval through Andalusian and Moroccan ”. Kufa Journal of Arts, vol. 1, no. 57, Sept. 2023, pp. 346-62, doi:10.36317/kaj/2023/v1.i57.11869.

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